what is Artificial immune system?


The artificial immune system [AIS] is a new aspect of the human immune system to solve computational problems. It is under artificial intelligence. Its system is kind of a computer system, procedural and methodological.

It has the capability of learning, memory, and associative retrieval for use in problem-solving. It observed immune functions, principles, and models to solve difficult problems. These algorithms and systems use the human immune system as inspiration. 

This is a sort of computational intelligence, a machine learning system inspired by some principles. It is also investigating the application of systems toward solving computational problems from mathematics, information technology, and engineering. 

The aim of an Artificial immune system is to borrow the computation we find in the immune system and then reenter that computation within a computer system. 

When was Artificial Immune System?

The idea of the Artificial Immune System has come in the 1980s. It applies to game theory to see how the human immune system work. Then it was rebuilt in the early 1990s. It was based on a principle called the self & non-self principle.

This principle supposes that the body can detect any cell which is nonself and doesn’t belong to itself. The first book on Artificial Immune Systems was edited by Dasgupta in 1999. Then it was developed by Goodman et al in 2002. 

What is Natural Immune System?

A Natural Immune System refers to the first subsystem of the immune system in animals. It is a network of structures and procedures within a biological organism. Protects against harmful diseases and also harmful objects from the environment.

It is a structural and organizational system. Artificial Immune Systems are computer principles that are based on the natural immune system.

Difference between Artificial Immune System and Natural Immune System –

It is totally different fields from each other but also interrelated to each other. 

  • This System’s purpose is to solve computational problems while Natural Immune System is to protect against diseases. 
  • The Immune System is a computing system while Natural Immune System is a biological system. 
  • The System is made up of rules and principles while the Natural Immune System is made up of structures. 
  • Artificial Immune Systems are in the field of AIS, under artificial intelligence while Natural Immune Systems are in the field of immunology under biology.
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